NAME: NISHAT KHAN (@nishat9152 [IG] )
COLLEGE – JAMIA MILLIA ISLAMIA
YEAR – 2rd Year M arch
CATEGORY: Institutional Building
PUBLISHED BY: ARCHIPEDIA
The coastal line of India faces extreme floods and deadly cyclones every year leading to loss of life and property. In such case, where people are injured, they flock to hospitals. However, even hospitals are flooded with no power backup leading to more causalities. In my M.Arch (Healthcare architecture) thesis, my aim was to design a disaster resilient hospital that is ready and well-equipped keeping in mind the disasters that Chennai is prone to.
To make the hospital completely disaster proof, a progressive approach to planning was applied where measures are taken to reduce the impact of flood waters first at site>structure>planning>interior levels. This will ensure safety at all levels, and the after effects of flood will keep on decreasing at each level.
All the structure is above the flood line level (which was studied with 100 years of Chennai flood data). An â€˜upside-downâ€™ planning approach was taken in which, non-critical, easily movable activities like admin was provided on lower floors and all critical facilities/hazardous zones/non-movable activities (like electrical room, control room, air conditioning, communications and gas rooms, ICU, Pharmacy) were provided on the upper floors.
Provision of power backup, utilities for at least a week were considered. Infact, a big space like cafeteria can be converted to triage area adjoining the emergency space in case of disasters where the capacity of patients would exponentially increase. Helicopter and boat launch was also provided to safely receive/send patients safely.
While designing, I kept in mind that the hospital must be the last building standing in case of disaster. This helped me cover all the points and possible failures that the hospital might face enhancing my design at each stage.